Benson and Hedges

When health warnings first appeared on packets in 1971 and the rules for cigarette advertising rules were changed, tobacco companies were faced with the challenge of maintaining brand awareness and driving sales in a market made more aware of the risks than ever before.

The change in rules, coupled with a fresh approach to advertising in general, gave birth to a unique genre of advertising that neatly ticked the boxes of the rule book yet created an art form. As with Surrealist art, these ads aimed to surprise and intrigue the viewer by replacing the objects people expected to see in a particular scene with something incongruous – in this case, a packet of cigarettes.

Collett Dickenson Pearce was tasked with the advertising for Benson & Hedges in 1973. CDP, lead by the indefatigable John Pearce (who famously once fired Ford, then CDP’s biggest account, because the car-maker kept trying to change the ads) was also the place where many now famous people would cut their teeth on campaigns for Hovis Bread, Cinzano and Birds Eye. Lord David Puttnam, Sir Alan Parker, John Hegarty, Charles Saatchi and Sir Ridley Scott to name a few.

The story goes that Frank Lowe, Managing Director at CDP in 1977, had two finished campaigns to present. After much debate, he took both campaigns to CDP’s Creative Director, Colin Millward, and asked him his view.

Colin said “…one will let you sleep at night, the other will make you famous.” Thankfully, both CDP and B&H decided not to sleep at night. The rest is history.

Art director Nigel Rose and his team at CDP (including John Emperor who designed the packet logo, and Alan Waldie) were tasked with creating a campaign which turned the familiar golden packet into an iconic emblem, with ads that played with their audience and challenged the mind, whilst neatly positioning the brand to represent culture, sophistication and cool. No people were allowed to be shown so an abstract style evolved without a word of copy, except for the obligatory health warnings.

My previous post on Brian Duffy showed some of his work for B&H, other photographers’ work included greats like Graham Ford, Max Forsythe, Rolph Gobbits and the late Jimmy Wormser.

Ants 1986 Nigel Rose (AD) Graham Ford (photographer) Terry Kemble (model maker)

Magnet 1986 Rob Morris (AD) Graham Ford (photographer) Terry Kemble (model maker)

Goldfish 1985 Nigel Rose (AD) Graham Ford (photographer) Terry Kemble (model maker)

Graham Ford: “I was into point-source lighting at the time, and tracked down the smal­lest most powerful tung­sten lamp I could find — a 1.5cm square reflecting 500W pro­jector bulb, the most effi­cient point source that I ever found, and I used it often after­wards. It gave a light very sim­ilar to sun­light when used at the cor­rect dis­tance and was powerful enough to give a reas­on­ably short exposure, between 30–90 seconds at around f45 on 10×8 film.
We did a basic setup which looked prom­ising, but the cat was very crude and uncon­vin­cing. The agency art buyer found a bril­liant animal illus­trator who came to the studio and made a beau­tiful card­board cutout. We softened the edges slightly with bits of fur and plastic pondweed.

I thought we should give the pic­ture a sense of time and place and chose beau­tiful Basildon on a sunny morning. Hence the dia­mond pat­terned win­dows, net cur­tains, Artex-style wall­paper, kidney-shaped glass dressing table on nylon. It went very well with the gold­fish bowl. The hard light, strong shadows and refracted light looked won­derful — the cat came to life.’

The pho­to­graphy of this shot was fairly straight­for­ward. We blurred the cur­tain to sep­arate it from the cat shadow using lines of very fine wire attached to dif­ferent parts of the cur­tain so we could con­trol the move­ment accur­ately. I had an armoury of tech­niques which I would add to each time a problem had to be solved. I used mul­tiple expos­ures often, this was not a problem with film, you could keep adding dif­ferent parts of the image on to the one sheet of film. Exposures were some­times ten minutes long with twenty or more flashes, bits of black velvet being shoved in and out, lights being moved around.

It was less usual in those days for the client to reject or demand changes. To do so would be expensive too, as changes would require a re-shoot. Retouching was a very spe­cial­ised busi­ness before com­puters, and there were few who could do it well. It was often used in a minor way, or to achieve effects that could not be done in camera, but my aim was always to do everything in camera if possible.”

[interview with Graham Ford by kind courtesy of Ken Sparkes click here to see full page]

Chameleon 1986 Nigel Rose (AD) Max Forsythe (photographer) Terry Kemble (Model maker)

Max Forsythe: “The finished shot looks very much like the original layout, but the struggle was how to light it. No conventional lighting seemed suitable.
After about 2 days of messing about I finally settled on sunlight coming through the studio window with a bit of BBQ grill to cast the shadows.
The Chameleon and the pack were both models, we did get a real one in the studio, but soon realised that it was not possible to work with it (it kept disappearing). They were about 5 times real size which made it possible to shoot on 10×8.”

Escapologist 1980 Nigel Rose (AD) Jimmy Wormser (Photographer)

Pyramids 1978  Neil Godfrey (AD) Jimmy Wormser (Photographer)

Swimming pool 1978 Alan Waldie (art director) Jimmy Wormser (photographer)

Inspirational stuff  especially when you bear in mind that these shots were created entirely in-camera long before Photoshop was a twinkle in Adobe’s eye!

With the current laws on tobacco advertising (ie. it’s banned) it’s unlikely we’ll ever see a repeat of these ads. As a student, these ads took pride of place on the walls at college and continue to inspire me with their composition and beautiful lighting. No wonder it’s often referred to as ‘the golden era’ of advertising. We’ve definitely lost an art form and (without getting into a debate about smoking) I’d love the opportunity to be involved on a campaign which takes the product as an art form and turns convention on its head.

With huge thanks to Julian Gratton at RedC, Ken Sparkes, Graham Ford, Jimmy Wormser, CDP, Benson & Hedges, Max Forsythe, Wikipedia and Advertising Archives.

9 thoughts on “Benson and Hedges

  1. The Ants Ad was shot in 1982 and The modelmakers for some reason I always thought were Fluck and Law. I was working for Jerry Oak at Graham’s Studio at the time.I assisted Jimmy Wormser form July 1977 to May 1980 so worked on all the above ads with Jimmy. Spoke with Nigel Rose this year.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s